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Wood Species for Hardwood Flooring
At Floor Sanding, we offer a range of wood species to meet your every hardwood floor desire! Although there are hundreds of wood species to choose from, our team have expertly selected 10 of our all-time favourites.
White oak timber is indigenous to Southern Europe, Asia and the Caucuses. It is famed for its rich golden hue that can add a beautiful timeless allure to any flooring. Characterised by a uniform grain and non-porous structure, oak hardwood has a consistent colour finish and is exceeding water-resistant. Highly resilient to fungi and insect erosion, white oak hardwood is ideal for outdoor decking. Together with its high strength, durability and shock resistance, white oak is a valuable addition to any home.
Cultivated in Europe, walnut timber is distinguished by a deep, brown shade that enriches over time. Used in premium wood flooring and furniture, walnut timber has a delicate, wavy grain with sharp growth rings. The irregularity of walnut hardwood is both a blessing and a curse, as despite its unique beauty, the uneven grain can facilitate the entrapment of moisture. This can eventually result in swelling and subsequent warping of the wood planks. Medium water resistance aside, walnut hardwood is highly shock resistant, resilient to decay and durable. Its excellent dimensional stability makes it ideal for use in high traffic areas.
Teak is widely grown in tropical regions such as southern Asia, Africa and Latin America. Distinguished by its golden-brown hue, teak hardwood is highly durable, shock resistant and dimensionally stable. Teak timber has an even, straight grain, predisposing it to being highly water resistant. Together with its exceptional decay and termite resistance, teak hardwood is extremely hard-wearing.
Native to mainland Europe, Ash timber can range from pale to medium brown with contrasting dark strips. Characterised by an abrasive texture and regular grain pattern, ash hardwood is tough, flexible and strong. Alongside these advantageous qualities, ash is shock resistant making it ideal for high traffic wood flooring and construction. Notably, ash hardwood performs poorly in outdoor settings as it is not especially rot or insect resistant.
Beech wood, prevalent in Central and Western Europe, has a soft, caramel colour with a rosy hue. Once steamed as part of veneer plank preparation, beech hardwood deepens in colour to a honey shade. Distinguished by its regular grain and fine, consistent texture, beech has formidable bending capacity and shock resistance.
Cultivated in America and the West Indies, Jatoba is an illustrious wood specie renowned for its exotic orange-brown hue that contrasts beautifully against greyish brown streaks. The Jatoba wood grain is interlocked making it difficult to work with. Nevertheless, it is a highly durable and a strong wood for flooring in high traffic areas.
Native to North America, maple wood is characterised by a delicate off-white sand colour and smooth, curled grain. Over time, ultraviolet light and oxygen exposure will deepen the tone to form an exquisite gold patina. Traditionally tapped for its maple syrup, maple trees are cultivated in abundance subsequently driving down the cost of its hardwood. This, alongside its high strength make maple wood a practical and stylish option.
Local to America, cherry wood is celebrated for its warm reddish-brown tone with a delicate, regular grain. Popular for its luxurious allure, cherry wood is most suited to low traffic, indoor areas. Scoring 995 on the Janka hardness scale, cherry wood is soft and flexible making it easy to carve and manipulate. This quality, however, predisposes it to damage and poor shock resistance.
Hickory is widely grown in Europe and the United States, culminating in 18 diverse species. Distinguished by its honeyed, rustic tone, hickory timber has a straight to wavy grain and medium texture that takes well to steam bending, stains and finishes. With a score of 1820 on the Janka scale, hickory hardwood is exceedingly resilient to dents and scratches. Notably, hickory’s hardness makes it challenging to work with, often requiring professional handling.
Originating in America, mahogany is characterised by an exquisite reddish-brown tone embellished with a consistent, interlocking grain. Favourably, mahogany hardwood is easy to work with and has exceptional dimensional stability. The timber has respectable water and rot resistant capabilities therefore minimising its ability to expand or contract.